WHAT IS DENTISTRY?
Dentistry is one of the health sciences that deals with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases of the stomatognathic apparatus, which includes the teeth, gums, periodontal tissue, upper jaw, lower jaw and joints. The main diseases that dentistry deals with are caries, periodontal disease and malocclusion.
At a dental check-up, your dental professional will check for cavities. You may have an X-ray to check for cavities between your teeth. The check-up will also include a check for plaque and tartar on your teeth. It is recommended that you visit your dentist twice a year.
Gum disease is often caused by a build-up of plaque. The best way to remove it is by brushing your teeth twice a day. However, no matter how hard you brush, there will always be hard-to-reach areas that are difficult to keep clean. To reduce the risk of plaque build-up, you need to have your teeth cleaned to get them really clean.
The first stage of "scaling" is to remove plaque and tartar deposits. Often an ultrasonic tool is used to remove most of the tartar and then other hand tools are used to scrape away any debris.
The next step is to polish the teeth so that the surface is really smooth. Although polishing removes stains and leaves teeth smooth and shiny, it is not only an aesthetic procedure. It also smoothes minor imperfections and roughness on the teeth to prevent plaque from sticking to them.
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